The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) defines Information Literacy as a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information," and has developed five “standards,” each of which comes with several performance indicators and outcomes.
The information literate student:
Standard 1 KNOW
…determines the nature and extent of the information needed.
Students recognize the value of information and how it is organized through the introduction to the research process
Standard 2 ACCESS
… accesses needed information effectively and efficiently.
The student demonstrates a basic understanding of available library services and search tool
Standard 3 EVALUATE
… evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.
The student recognizes the need to evaluate information sources
Standard 4 USE
… individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.
The student gathers and uses information to complete course assignments
Standard 5 LEGAL-ETHICAL
… understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses information ethically and legally.
The student demonstrates a basic understanding of plagiarism and documentation of sources
Information literacy is relevant to lifelong learning, common to all disciplines, learning environments, and levels of education.
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